# Dollar Sign (\$) in R

The dollar (\$) operator is one of the exaction operators in R. It allows you to extract, assign and add elements or columns to a list or a data frame. This guide explains using the dollar sign (\$) in R.

#### Syntax

The following syntax will help you understand how to use the \$ operator in R:

``Object\$NamedElement``

#### Arguments

• Object = any R object like a list or a data frame.
• NamedElement = element of a list or a column of a data frame.

## Example 1: Extract an element from a list

``````#creating a list
my_list <- list(x=10, y=20, z=30)
#extracting the element from the list
my_list\$z``````

#### Output

``[1] 30``

In the above example, we extracted the element z’s value from the list using the \$ operator.

## Example 2: Extract a column from a data frame

``````#creating a data frame
heroes <- data.frame(Hero_Name=c('Batman','Flash','Superman','Green Arrow'),
Real_Name=c('Bruce Wayne', 'Barry Allen', 'Clark Kent', 'Oliver Queen'),
Powers=c('Money','Speed','Strength','Archery'))
#extracting column Real_Name
heroes\$Real_Name``````

#### Output

``[1] "Bruce Wayne" "Barry Allen" "Clark Kent" "Oliver Queen"``

We extracted the column Real_Name from the data frame in the above example using the \$ operator.

## Example 3: Assigning a new value to an element in a list

``````#creating a list
my_list <- list(x=10, y=20, z=30)
#assigning a new value to y
my_list\$y <- 25
my_list``````

#### Output

``````\$x
[1] 10
\$y
[1] 25
\$z
[1] 30``````

In the above example, we changed the value of element y from 20 to 25 using the \$ operator.

## Example 4: Changing a column value in a data frame

``````#creating a data frame
heroes <- data.frame(Hero_Name=c('Batman','Flash','Superman','Green Arrow'),
Real_Name=c('Bruce Wayne', 'Barry Allen', 'Clark Kent', 'Oliver Queen'),
Powers=c('Money','Speed','Strength','Archery'))
#changing the value Money in the column Powers
heroes\$Powers <- c('Martial Arts','Speed','Strength','Archery')
heroes\$Powers``````

#### Output

``[1] "Martial Arts" "Speed" "Strength" "Archery"``

In the above example, we changed the value Money to Martial Arts in the column Powers.

## Example 5: Adding a new element to a list

``````#creating a list
my_list <- list(x=10, y=20, z=30)
my_list\$a <- 40
my_list``````

#### Output

``````\$x
[1] 10
\$y
[1] 20
\$z
[1] 30
\$a
[1] 40``````

In the above example, we added a new element w, with a value of 40, to the list.

## Example 6: Adding a new column to a data frame

``````#creating a data frame
heroes <- data.frame(Hero_Name=c('Batman','Flash','Superman','Green Arrow'),
Real_Name=c('Bruce Wayne', 'Barry Allen', 'Clark Kent', 'Oliver Queen'),
Powers=c('Money','Speed','Strength','Archery'))
#adding a new column named Rank
heroes\$Rank <- c(2,3,1,4)
heroes``````

#### Output

In the above example, we added a new column, Rank, with the values to the data frame.