# pch in R (Plot Characters & Symbols)

Plot Characters or pch are built-in shapes/symbols in R. There are 26 built-in shapes in R and can be identified using the index numbers from 0 to 25. These shapes are used while making plots. For example, a scatter plot uses dot shapes to plot the data. But, using pch, we can modify it to any other shape of our choice.

## Plot Character Symbols in R

These are the pch shapes in R:

• pch = 0, square
• pch = 1, circle
• pch = 2, triangle point up
• pch = 3, plus
• pch = 4, cross
• pch = 5, diamond
• pch = 6, triangle point down
• pch = 7, square cross
• pch = 8, star
• pch = 9, diamond plus
• pch = 10, circle plus
• pch = 11, triangles up and down
• pch = 12, square plus
• pch = 13, circle cross
• pch = 14, square and triangle down
• pch = 15, filled square
• pch = 16, filled circle
• pch = 17, filled triangle point-up
• pch = 18, filled diamond
• pch = 19, solid circle
• pch = 20, bullet (smaller circle)
• pch = 21, filled circle blue
• pch = 22, filled square blue
• pch = 23, filled diamond blue
• pch = 24, filled triangle point-up blue
• pch = 25, filled triangle point down blue

#### Example

Point Character or pch is used as an argument while plotting charts. Let’s plot a scatter chart using the default iris dataset.

``````x<-c(2.2,6,3.3,8.6,9,5,6.5,7.4)
y<-c(11.6,12,3.2,4.9,7.7,13.3,5.5,5.7)
#Plot with default symbols
plot(x,y)``````
``````#Plot with diamond plus symbols
plot(x,y,pch=9)``````

## Displaying all Point Character symbols

Run the following code to display all pch shapes or symbols:

``````pch_symbols<-function(){
old_Par<-par()
par(font=2, mar=c(0.5,0,0,0))
y=rev(c(rep(1,6),rep(2,5), rep(3,5), rep(4,5), rep(5,5)))
x=c(rep(1:5,5),6)
plot(x, y, pch = 0:25, cex=1.5, ylim=c(1,5.5), xlim=c(1,6.5),
axes=FALSE, xlab="", ylab="", bg="blue")
text(x, y, labels=0:25, pos=3)
par(mar=old_Par\$mar,font=old_Par\$font )
}
pch_symbols()``````